Ahyla Qára GreyBull, Traditional name: Choke Cherry Woman, Northern Arapaho/Hunkpapa Lakota • Fawna Friday-Sanchez, Northern Arapaho, Shoshone, & Northern Cheyenne • Rhoda Anderson, Northern Arapaho/Cheyenne and Western Shoshone • Destiny Spoonhunter, Kiera Spoonhunter, Eastern Shoshone & Northern Arapaho • Jacqueline White, Traditional name: Singing Crane Woman, Northern Arapaho & Chippewa Cree • Amya Whelan, Traditional name: Whispering Rain, Eastern Shoshone, Northern Arapaho, & Ojibwe • Annalilla Sanchez, Alea Sanchez, Alicia Sanchez, Arianna Sanchez, Northern Arapaho & Northern Cheyenne (Wyoming Survey & Analysis Center, University of Wyoming)

CASPER, Wyo — A report released by the Wyoming Survey and Analysis Research last week found disproportionately higher homicide and missing-persons rates among Wyoming’s Indigenous populations.

It further suggested that lack of cooperative data and barriers in communication may be further obscuring the true scope of the problem.

The report is the result of Governor Mark Gordon’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous  People Task Force formed in 2019. 

Gordon said he was inspired to create it after attending a presentation by Keepers of the Fire, a Native University of Wyoming student organization which sought to highlight high rates of homicide and disappearance among Native Americans, particularly women and girls.

The Task Force called on “law enforcement, tribal liaisons, state agencies and other stakeholders” to look at the number of missing or murdered indigenous people in Wyoming and to provide recommendations to enhance reporting and public safety.

Though Indigenous people make up less than 3% of the population in Wyoming, they account for 21% of homicide victims, the report found. These rates were also found to be higher than the national average.

In the U.S. overall the report found:

  • One in three Indigenous women is sexually assaulted during her life
  • Four out of five Indigenous people have experienced violence
  • Indigenous women are more likely to experience violence than any other demographic

Over the last ten years, a majority of the 710 Indigenous people who went missing in Wyoming were girls.

Furthermore, the report found that limitations in data may have contributed to an “underreporting of the scope of the Missing and Murdered Indigenous People epidemic.”

“Many Indigenous victims have been incorrectly classified in law enforcement databases as White, Hispanic, or Asian…or simply listed as ‘Other,’ or ‘Unknown,’ the report said.

“Missing and Murdered Indigenous People” report, Wyoming Survey and Analysis Research

“Literature indicates that homicides could be misclassified as accidental, self-harm, or cause unknown,” the report added. “This crucial decision impacts the reliability and validity of the data as does the misidentification of race on vital statistics records.”

Researchers said they were only able to use three of thirteen potential data sources, and that the Fremont County Sheriff’s Office and the Lander Police Department did not offer records upon request.

Interviews within tribal communities revealed three key barriers to consistent reporting and response to cases:

  • Lack of trust in law enforcement and/or the judicial process, 
  • Absence of a single point of contact among law enforcement, agencies, and communities to help families navigate the system, 
  • Perceived lack of information concerning the timely progress of an investigation or judicial proceeding. 

The report recommended the creation of an “Indigenous advocacy position/response team to help families navigate the reporting and investigation process.”

The Task Force was chaired by the director of the Wyoming  Division of Victim Services and funded through the department. It included members of the Wyoming Highway Patrol AMBER alert program.

Wyoming’s 2020 Democratic nominee to the U.S. House Lynette Greybull was also a key contributor.

Lynette Grey Bull and Colorado Congressman Joe Neguse (Courtesy photo)
“Missing and Murdered Indigenous People”report, Wyoming Survey and Analysis Research